It’s impossible to trace the specific roots of the Jelly Bean.
The process called panning was made in 17th century France and was used to make Jordan Almonds. Panning was done primarily by hand is now automated, but the process has remained essentially unchanged throughout the last three centuries. In Panning, the process would start by rocking almonds in a bowl that was full of sugar and syrup until the almonds were coated with a hard candy shell. The panning process gave birth to shell coating and now, big rotating pans are utilized to do the heavy work. It is the Master Confectioners that work on the craft of mixing and adding the ingredients to make the perfect shell.
In some way, these processes reached the factories in the usa. The Jelly Beans began production there and soon earned a spot among the many glass’penny candy’ jars that were on display from the candy stores. Generally stores, the Jelly Beans were sold by weight and contributed to the buyers placed in paper bags. They were associated with the Easter Bunny was believed to deliver eggs on Easter as a sign of new life and the start of spring.
Manufacturing a Jelly Bean begins with the making of its center. To do this, ingredients such as sugar and corn syrup among others are put in large boilers which are heated to cook the mix. The heated mixture is then passed through pipes and travels to the starch casting area. At this time, there are various trays containing impressions of the size and shape of the center of the jellybean which are layered with cornstarch by machines. The mix is then squirted out on the trays and dried overnight. The following day, the cornstarch coating is removed and the beans are conducted via a moisture steam bath and are sprayed with sugar.
What sets the jellybean apart from other candies is its special shell coating. This is achieved by the panning procedure. The beans are poured into a rotating drum which is known as the’engrossing pan’. While the center of the drum rotates, sugar is slowly added to build up the shell. Then, different colors and flavors are added to the mix to provide the jellybean its signature flavor and appearance. The shiny look is because of the addition of Confectioner’s Glaze which is a process that can take 2 to 4 days. After the beans are’polished’, they are packed and ready for shipping to candy shops around the world.
There have been two types of jellybeans since 1976. These are the conventional and the gourmet jellybeans. Even though both types require 6 to 10 days to create, the difference is in their recipes which gives each their unique qualities. The traditional jelly bean generally retains its flavor just in the shells. They also are softer and smaller compared to the conventional jellybeans.